They also had five daughters, including Christophinethe eldest. Schiller grew up in a very religious family and spent much of his youth studying the Bible, which would later influence his writing for the theatre. He was named after king Frederick the Greatbut he was called Fritz by nearly everyone.
Translated by William F. The poem Friendship, which is quoted in part in the letters, originally appeared in an anthology of his poems in the year and was referred to as coming from the letters of Julius to Raphael, a yet unpublished fictional work. Although the letters are represented Schiller philosophical essays a fiction, the Theosophy of Julius, which is the centerpiece of the correspondence, clearly reflects the philosophical outlook of the young Schiller.
This letter is therefore included in this translation for its historical interest, but should not be read as a direct philosophical statement by Schiller.
It in no way contradicts the view, that the Theosophy of Julius and the poem Friendship reflect the youthful philosophical outlook of the Poet of Freedom. Reason has its epochs, its destinies, like the heart, but its history is far more rarely treated.
One seems to be satisfied therewith, to develop the passions in their extreme, their aberrations and consequences, without taking into consideration, Schiller philosophical essays exactly they cohere with the intellectual system of the individual.
The universal root of moral degeneration is a one-sided and wavering philosophy, so much the more dangerous, because it blinds the beclouded reason with an appearance of lawfulness, truth, and conviction, and just for this reason is held less in bounds by the inborn moral feeling.
In an epoch like the present one, where facilitation and spread of reading so astonishingly enlarges the thinking part of the public, where the happy resignation to ignorance begins to make room for a half enlightenment and only a few still wish to remain there, where the accident of birth has cast them down, it seems not to be so entirely unimportant to call attention to certain periods of awakening and progressing reason, to correct certain truths and errors, which are connected to morality and can be a source of felicity and misery, and, at the very least, to indicate the concealed reefs on which proud reason has already run aground.
Some friends, inspired by an equal warmth for the truth and moral beauty, who have united upon entirely different pathways in the same conviction and now survey with more tranquil glance the already traveled course, have joined in the plan, to develop several revolutions and epochs of thought, several excesses of the pondering reason in the portrait of two young men of unequal character, and to place them before the world in the form of an exchange of letters.
The following letters are the beginning of this attempt.
The pursuit of the letter exchange will show how these one-sided, often exaggerated, often contradictory assertions finally are resolved in a universal, purified, and firmly grounded truth.
Skepticism and free-thinking are the feverish paroxysms of the human spirit and must, through the very same unnatural concussion, which they cause in well-organized souls, at last help fortify the health. The more blinding, the more seducing the error, that much more the triumph for truth, the more tormenting the doubt, the greater the invitation to conviction and firm certainty.
However, to express this doubt, this error, was necessary; the knowledge of the disease had to precede the cure. The truth loses nothing, if a passionate youth misses it, just as little as virtue and religion, if a scoundrel renounces them. This had to have been said in advance, in order to specify the point of view from which we wish the following exchange of letters to be read and judged.
Julius to Raphael In October. Alone I wander through the melancholy region, call out thy name aloud and am wroth, that my Raphael does not answer me.
I have survived thy last embraces. The sad rush of the carriage, which transported thee away, was at last silenced in mine ear.
I, the fortunate one, had already piled up a charitable hill of earth over the joys of the past, and now thou standest up like thy departed spirit anew in these regions, and announcest thyself to me at each favorite site of our walks.
These rocks have I ascended at thy side, at thy side I wandered through this immeasurable perspective. In the black sanctuary of this beech grove we first devised the bold ideal of our friendship.
Here it was, where we for the first time unrolled the genealogical tree of the spirit and Julius found in Raphael such a close relative.A primary source is a work that is being studied, or that provides first-hand or direct evidence on a topic.
Common types of primary sources include works of literature, historical documents, original philosophical writings, and religious texts. Schiller, Johann Christoph Friedrich von German philosopher and poet who wrote a series of popular "Sturm und Drang" plays, including Die Räber and Wilhelm Tell.
Although he Aesthetical and Philosophical Essays (Erlbaum, ); Friedrich Von Schiller. Schiller's version of pragmatism was announced in "Axioms as Postulates" and elaborated by several essays in Humanism () and Studies in Humanism ().
Pragmatic empiricism cannot endorse the psychological passivity of positive experience, denying that inductive generalizations from atomic facts in turn structure further experience.
EMBED (for alphabetnyc.com hosted blogs and alphabetnyc.com item tags). Schiller wrote three major philosophical essays and within the field of philosophical aesthetics, these three are among the crowning achievements of the period as a whole.
Each of the book's chapters is self-contained, so there is some repetition and overlap between the chapters. The Philosophical Letters were published by Schiller in the March edition of Thalia, Schiller’s journal of poetry and philosophical writings. The idea for the .