It was —— the height of the Cold War —— a moment when unrelenting anxiety about the future was leavened by an abiding faith in the power of science to secure our safety and prosperity.
It was the United States federal government's gypsy moth eradication program, however, that prompted Carson to devote her research, and her next book, to pesticides and environmental poisons.
The gypsy moth program involved aerial spraying of DDT and other pesticides mixed with fuel oilincluding the spraying of private land. Landowners on Long Island filed a lawsuit to have the spraying stopped, and many in affected regions followed the case closely.
She also attempted to enlist others to join the cause: Whiteand a number of journalists and scientists. ByCarson had arranged a book deal, with plans to co-write with Newsweek science journalist Edwin Diamond.
However, when The New Yorker commissioned a long and well-paid article on the topic from Carson, she began considering writing more than simply the introduction and conclusion as planned; soon it was a solo project. Diamond would later write one of the harshest critiques of Silent Spring.
From reading the scientific literature and interviewing scientists, Carson found two scientific camps when it came to pesticides: Ehrenfried Pfeiffer, other contacts, and their suite of legal actions against the U.
Marjorie Spock and Mary T. They compiled their evidence and shared it with Carson, who used it, their extensive contacts, and the trial transcripts, as a primary input for Silent Spring.
Carson attended the ensuing FDA hearings on revising pesticide regulations; she came away discouraged by the aggressive tactics of the chemical industry representatives, which included expert testimony that was firmly contradicted by the bulk of the scientific literature she had been studying.
She also wondered about the possible "financial inducements behind certain pesticide programs. Of particular significance was the work of National Cancer Institute researcher and environmental cancer section founding director Wilhelm Hueperwho classified many pesticides as carcinogens.
|Login with your account||Marine biologist, author, and environmentalist Born: May 27, in Springdale, Pennsylvania Died:|
|Rachel Carson - Mrs. Lowry's Science Class||April 14, in Silver Spring, Maryland Rachel Carson, writer, scientist, and ecologist, grew up simply in the rural river town of Springdale, Pennsylvania. Her mother bequeathed to her a life-long love of nature and the living world that Rachel expressed first as a writer and later as a student of marine biology.|
|Related Biographies||Perhaps the finest nature writer of the Twentieth Century, Rachel Carson is remembered more today as the woman who challenged the notion that humans could obtain mastery over nature by chemicals, bombs and space travel than for her studies of ocean life.|
|Keep Exploring Britannica||See Article History Alternative Title: Carson early developed a deep interest in the natural world.|
Carson and her research assistant Jeanne Davis, with the help of NIH librarian Dorothy Algire, found evidence to support the pesticide-cancer connection; to Carson the evidence for the toxicity of a wide array of synthetic pesticides was clear-cut, though such conclusions were very controversial beyond the small community of scientists studying pesticide carcinogenesis.
In addition to the thorough literature search, she had investigated hundreds of individual incidents of pesticide exposure and the human sickness and ecological damage that resulted. However, in January, a duodenal ulcer followed by several infections kept her bedridden for weeks, greatly delaying the completion of Silent Spring.
As she was nearing full recovery in March just as she was completing drafts of the two cancer chapters of her bookshe discovered cysts in her left breast, one of which necessitated a mastectomy.
Though her doctor described the procedure as precautionary and recommended no further treatment, by December Carson discovered that the tumor was malignant and the cancer had metastasized.
However, further health troubles slowed the final revisions in and early By AugustCarson finally agreed to the suggestion of her literary agent Marie Rodell:Rachel Carson was a marine biologist, environmentalist and writer who alerted the world to the environmental impact of fertilizers and pesticides.
Biologist Rachel Carson alerted the world to the Born: May 27, The Right Way to Remember Rachel Carson Not until the end of her life did she write the work for which she is now known.
Before then, she had always thought of herself as a poet of the sea. The Right Way to Remember Rachel Carson Not until the end of her life did she write the work for which she is now known. Before then, she had always thought of herself as a poet of the sea.
The most alarming of all man's assaults upon the environment is the contamination of air, earth, rivers, and sea with dangerous and even lethal materials. Rachel Carson was a marine biologist, environmentalist and writer who alerted the world to the environmental impact of fertilizers and pesticides.
Biologist Rachel Carson alerted the world to the Born: May 27, A marine biologist and nature writer, Rachel Carson catalyzed the global environmental movement with her book Silent alphabetnyc.coming the dangers of chemical pesticides, the book led to a nationwide ban on DDT and other pesticides and sparked the movement that ultimately led to the creation of the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).