Suhail Kazi This paper presents the behavior and the effective way to suppress the human hand postural tremor using the active force control method. The main advantages of proposed method include; its simple control technique, practically applicable in real-time due to the much lesser computational burden and the extra robustness feature the method generates. The actual tremor data from a Parkinson disease patient is validated through an artificial vibration exciter to investigate a tremor suppression technique based on the Mechatronics approach in which a proportional-derivative PD with active force control AFC strategy is applied to a single degree-of-freedom DOF hand model dynamic system incorporating a Voigt muscle model.
View next figure An important part of the ergonomic designing cycle is modeling of the analyzed system. Modeling makes it possible to analyze various structural concepts as early as at Human hand-arm thesis designing stage and to study influence of individual material, geometric and dynamic tool features on its behavior [ 720 ].
Modeling of biomechanical systems is an important part of the ergonomic engineering process. Biomechanical System Modeling In the designing process it is necessary to describe biodynamic traits of the human body in mathematical terms.
However, biomechanical model designing should address also broadly understood ergonomic aspects: When analyzing the effect of vibration on the human body, the body is treated as a vibrating, elastic system with a considerable ability to damp vibration.
In the dynamic analysis of the behavior of the body of a person operating a tool it is necessary to take into account the working position [ 1 ] as it is related with the change in elastic properties and the position of the centre of gravity of the body or its part.
The biomechanical parameters used in model testing are given in numerous studies [ 31017 ]. However, their values tend to differ significantly and the conditions in which they were determined are usually not specified.
This makes an analysis and comparison difficult and the adoption of these parameters in new research impossible.
Therefore, one should attempt to determine anthropometric parameters and parameters describing the behavior of the hand-arm biomechanical system that are adequate for the specific tool, technological process and operator and his specific tool handling technique.
Modeling of the hand-tool handle system for tool movement in horizontal plane was the subject of studies [ 310141526 ]. Considering the impact tool for soil compaction working in the vertical plane, being the object of the analysis a mathematical model of the hand-arm system with distributed parameters, adequate for the working movement performed, was developed.
In this model the hand was modeled with big approximation with a linear damping element. The parameters of this model were selected based on experimental studies. From more recent models, one may mention Fritz modeland Daikoku and Ishikawa model based on the studies of hand impedance noted for different ways of tool handling.
Kazi developed a two and tree-mass model of the hand for researching biodynamic reactions in a vibrating environment. Joshi and Murray proposed a model with single degree of freedom in rotation used in biodynamic analysis of connecting elements with bolted joints. Dong and Welcome et al.
Proposed Hand Model Following numerous attempts to build a model representing as close as possible the actual behavior of the hand-arm system in relation to a given tool, the working conditions and the particular operator a biomechanical model shown in Figure 3 and Figure 4 was developed.
This model has the form of a system of uniform bars with distributed masses representing angular position of the bent upper extremity during operation of an impact tool. The articulations connecting the bars correspond with shoulder and elbow joints and represent the wrist and the hand fingers-handle coupling.Human hand arm thesis September 21, by Leave a Comment A narrative essays words Mechanical Experiment to Simulate the Nonlinear Hand-Arm Dynamics in Torque Tool Operation Undergraduate Honors latin america colonization Thesis response of the human arm under a Design.
model. The aim of this study is to provide an approach to predicting human influence on a compliant mechanical structure using a substructuring technique.
Substructuring techniques allow us to obtain detailed information on the vibrational behaviour of an assembly of structures by characterization of each structure separately. In this manuscript, a hand-arm system is coupled with a vibrating. The biodynamic response characteristics of various mechanical models of the human hand and arm system, reported in the literature, are evaluated in terms of their driving-point mechanical impedance modulus and phase responses.
The human hand-arm response to such impulsive forces should be understood to reduce the risks associated with torque tools.
This dissertation presents contributions to hand-arm modeling and parameter extraction methods for interaction with impulsive forces in torque tool operation. This thesis presents a new approach to The experimental hand-arm model has been designed to have similar dynamic characteristics to that of a human hand-arm system.
This approach addresses the issue of repeatability as HTV measurements suffer from variability between cases. The measured. Biomechanical Simulation of the Human Hand and Forearm A thesis submitted in partial satisfaction of the requirements for the degree The contributions of this thesis are as follows: A biomechanical hand model that closely resembles a human left hand, 2.